Do you think the best way to get the cheapest plane tickets is by calling the airline? Or, do you scan through hundreds of websites provided by search engines to find low airfare tickets? Maybe you hope to find cheap airfare in the local newspaper’s travel section. Finding cheap airline tickets can be one of the most frustrating experiences that most of us learn very quickly. Of course, most people eventually give up after spending hours scanning websites that offer virtually the same flight schedules and pricing. People purchase what they believe is the cheapest plane ticket, only to find their neighbor paid just a third of what they did! Unless you understand the concept of of how airlines set prices, all the searching in the world won’t provide the cheapest airline ticket prices. The following information will give you a guide to follow, as you wander through the maze searching for cheap airfare. Understand how prices are set by airlines! Air ticket pricing is complex and unpredictable, and driven by competition, demand, and inventory.
Myths About Bipolar Disorder
The primary symptoms are dramatic and unpredictable mood swings. The types of bipolar disorder range from mild to severe. Warning Signs of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder can be sneaky. Infrequent episodes of mania can go undetected. Depression can overshadow other aspects of the illness. Recognizing Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose, but these tips may help you recognize the symptoms.
Cyclothymia is a part of the bipolar disorder spectrum. Cyclothymia contains hypomanic and minor depressive episodes. Bipolar Burble blog.
What causes bipolar disorder? Abnormal physical characteristics of the brain or an imbalance in certain brain chemicals may be among the main causes. As with many medical conditions, bipolar disorder tends to run in families. If you have a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder, your risk of developing it is higher. The search continues for the genes responsible for bipolar disorder.
Researchers also believe that severe stress, drug or alcohol abuse, or severely upsetting experiences may trigger bipolar disorder. These experiences can include childhood abuse or the death of a loved one. How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
Statistical Techniques | Statistical Mechanics
People have many frequently asked questions about Bipolar Disorder. These are some of the more commonly asked questions — and their answers — about manic depression also known as bipolar disorder: Is there a test to tell me if I have, or may inherit, bipolar disorder? Currently, no test can tell a person if he is at risk of developing bipolar disorder. It is unlikely that a single gene will be discovered that is responsible for the illness in all people with bipolar disorder.
Bipolar Disorder Chat Room Notes • To start a conversation with someone in private, double click their name as it appears in the chat room. Please ensure you have asked the person in public prior to sending a Private Message (PM).
These mood swings range from mild depression, or dysthymia, to mania of low intensity, or hypomania. Description Cyclothymic disorder, a symptomatically mild form of bipolar II disorder, involves mood swings ranging from mild depression to mild mania. It is possible for cyclothymia to go undiagnosed, and for individuals with the disorder to be unaware that they have a treatable disease.
Like other bipolar disorders , cyclothymia is a chronic illness characterized by mood swings that can occur as often as every day and last for several days, weeks, months, or as long as two years. Individuals with this disorder are never free of symptoms of either hypomania or mild depression for more than two months at a time. The noted psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin first described the symptoms of cyclothymic disorder in the late nineteenth century.
Kraepelin described four types of personality disorders: He viewed the irritable personality as simultaneously depressive and manic, and the cyclothymic personality as alternating between depressive and manic states. Persons with cyclothymic disorder differ in the relative proportion of depressive versus hypomanic episodes that they experience. Some individuals have more frequent depressive episodes, whereas others are more likely to feel hypomanic.
Women and Bipolar Disorder
Poor concentration or difficulty making decisions are treated as another possible symptom. Mild degrees of dysthymia may result in people withdrawing from stress and avoiding opportunities for failure. In more severe cases of dysthymia, people may even withdraw from daily activities. Diagnosis of dysthymia can be difficult because of the subtle nature of the symptoms and patients can often hide them in social situations, making it challenging for others to detect symptoms.
Additionally, dysthymia often occurs at the same time as other psychological disorders, which adds a level of complexity in determining the presence of dysthymia, particularly because there is often an overlap in the symptoms of disorders. Suicidal behavior is also a particular problem with persons with dysthymia.
Depressive and Hypomanic Symptoms of Bipolar III or Cyclothymia. Article. Why You Should Wear a Medical ID If You Have Bipolar Disorder. Article. Why Bipolar Disorder and Ecstasy (MDMA) Don’t Mix. Dating Someone With Bipolar Disorder. Article. Can a Child Inherit Bipolar Disorder From Its Parents? Article. Bipolar Disorder Can Create.
Photo purchased from iStockphoto, used with permission. Those diagnosed with bipolar disorder may be at the mercy of extreme mood swings, but they are not powerless. Medication, therapy and a healthy lifestyle can help them enjoy full and productive lives, especially when supplemented by the support of those closest to them. If a friend has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, here are 11 ways you can help: Channel your compassion, but ditch the pity.
Accept the lows with the highs. When manic, the person with bipolar disorder can come across as the life of the party. Let your friend know you are there for them whether they are in the heights or the doldrums, and help them aim for that middle ground. After all, if they could calm down or cheer up, they would. A better response is to ask how you can help, or suggest some things the two of you might do together, even something as simple as going outdoors for some air.
When your friend is no longer in distress, talk to them about what might help next time and prepare strategies. Be understanding when they are less of a friend than you need. Try to show the same patience and understanding you would hope to receive if you were the one dealing with the illness.
Borderline personality disorder
References Subthreshold affective conditions Long before psychiatry moved to the outpatient arena in the latter part of the twentieth century, psychiatrists had observed milder mood disturbances among the kin of patients hospitalized for endogenous or psychotic depressions or mania. Some were described as sullen, morose, or otherwise moody, but without discrete episodes; others reported self-limited episodes, but often went untreated. With the advent of modern treatments, practitioners are being increasingly consulted by patients presenting with attenuated affective disturbances.
Cyclothymia is a mild form of bipolar disorder where a person mood swings over a period of years that go from mild depression to elevated mood and excitement. Bipolar Moods. I’m so old, they used me to establish carbon dating (71 yr). Presently I,m extremely over the top. I haven’t had more than 4 hrs sleep the past 5 days.
As per Ann she was given no choice regarding her desire to seek or secure therapy. Although, Ann recognizes and accepts she had failed to answer some of the key questions addressed to her during the meeting, she maintained the meeting was a success overall. Upon further work with Ann she disclosed she had been raised in foster care for most of her life. However, once she aged out of care she no longer maintained her therapeutic appointments, nor did she feel the need to continue taking the medications prescribed.
Ann was not able to remember the name of the medications being prescribed or clinical diagnosis. Treatment Effective treatment for bipolar disorder can make a significant impact in the lives of people with the disorder. Appropriate treatment of bipolar disorder can help those struggling with the disorder gain better control of their mood swings and other bipolar symptoms. An effective treatment plan usually includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy.
Unfortunately, bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness, but remission and reprieve from symptoms is possible. Persons with bipolar disorder experience episodes of mania and depression that typically return over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Warning Signs of Bipolar Disorder: I work with individuals and families struggling with familial dysfunctions, trauma, rape, and incest.
How a Person with Bipolar Thinks
English dictionary The English dictionary is an amalgamation of open content English dictionaries available online and offline. This site is designed with a simple, no-frills layout to ensure high performance and ease-of-use to all visitors. The database currently contains over , dictionary references, and is constantly being added to. A – Ably 2.
StudentProject Cyclothymia Behaviour Changes and Disorder FKUNUD – Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
These signs are very important because they are what tell medical professionals which type of bipolar disorder an individual has so that they can treat them more efficiently. There are a number of different types of bipolar disorders, the most familiar ones being bipolar I and bipolar II. There is also a mild form of the illness called cyclothymia. Below is a definition and brief discussion of each. Bipolar I — The signs bipolar disorder I are the easiest to identify.
The bipolar I individual exhibits the most extreme symptoms and characteristics of bipolar disorder. To be classed in the bipolar I category a patient must display psychotic symptoms of paranoia as well a hallucinations. This is of course accompanied by extreme highs and lows of mania and depression, which are the two main symptoms of any bipolar disorder. When a bipolar I individual is having a manic episode they will have a number of symptoms.
These will include the following: There is very ofter drug or alcohol abuse as well as reckless and unprotected sexual relations. When in their depression phase of their illness everything is just the opposite of the manic phase. The patient wants to sleep constantly but when they are awake they feel their life is in shambles and there is nothing they can do about it.